Dr. Amariucai and the Probabilistic and Information Theoretic Security (PITS) Laboratory exposed the discharge inversion effect (DIE) in SRAM-based PUFs, which has the potential to cause catastrophic failure in authentication or randomness generation. Dr. Munir and the Laboratory for Parallel Reconfigurable Architecture and Distributed Embedded Systems (PRADES) design of secure and trustworthy systems, in particular, embedded and cyber-physical systems (CPS), by leveraging advances in reconfigurable computer architectures, hardware design, and machine learning. The PRADES laboratory has developed secure and dependable electronic control unit (ECU) architectures for automotive embedded systems. These architectures simultaneously integrate security and dependability while minimizing energy consumption and enforcing real-time application constraints. These solutions are also applicable to other CPS, such as transit and aerial vehicles, industrial automation, and medical monitoring. The PRADES laboratory has also developed a secure and dependable elliptic curve cryptosystem (ECC) processor that is resistant to timing analysis, power analysis, and fault analysis attacks.